Blood sugar or glucose is the main source of energy for the cells of our body. This type of sugar is present in flours, honey, carrots, rice, among other ingredients and foods.
Thanks to this energy, important body functions such as digestion, cardiac pumping and synapses are carried out, among others. The sugar present in our blood must be maintained between 70 and 110 mg / dl to obtain all the benefits, without negative consequences on health.
The elevation of blood glucose values is called hyperglycemia and causes damage to various organs. When the glucose present in blood exceeds 180 mg / dl, diabetes mellitus is diagnosed. It is essential to keep this condition under strict medical surveillance, since it can generate severe complications.
What is hyperglycemia?
There is talk of hyperglycemia when the blood sugar is above 140 mg / dl. This condition can appear for 2 specific reasons:
- The pancreas has trouble producing enough insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar.
- The body can not use insulin properly.
In either case it is essential that you visit your doctor to indicate the medications to take, the respective changes in your diet and the amount of exercise you must perform.
Hyperglycemia is difficult to detect if you do not pay enough attention, but it always has symptoms.
The blood glucose test is usually very cheap and simple. It is just a small prick to get a drop of blood with. In any case, the symptoms that you should keep an eye for are the following:
Hyperglycemia can cause severe alterations in the mood of those who suffer from it, such as irritability or depression. There are people who tend to get angry or have a more aggressive character but if it is not common in you, pay attention to this symptom.
Remember that emotions depend on the chemical processes in your brain, and these processes are affected by your blood sugar levels.
Slow healing of wounds
Hyperglycemia causes a severe alteration in coagulation. The problem that arises has to do with bleeding and wound healing. This alteration has a lot to do with the appearance of bruises on the skin.
If you find that your wounds take longer to stop bleeding and your scars do not heal quickly, you should take action. As soon as you regain control of your glucose, this symptom will no longer be a problem.
The small arteries and veins located in the retina, the macula, the vessels of the retina and the head of the optic nerve usually show damage due to hyperglycemia. Among the problems that can arise are:
Blurry vision: presence of dark spots in the visual field.
Pain in the eye area: difficulty focusing on nearby objects with side or peripheral vision.
Regular visits to your ophthalmologist can help you identify these problems and prevent your blood sugar from going too high.
It is the urgent and exaggerated need to drink water, usually accompanied by the sensation of having a dry mouth. It is important that you drink as much water as you need, since it is a way for your body to seek normalization of your glucose levels.
However, you should remember that the problem will continue until you normalize your blood sugar levels. To help you, include a sports routine every day and take your medications as directed by your doctor.
Excess blood sugar can cause the appearance of skin lesions such as brown spots on the legs, facial flushing and dry skin. Also the nails, the palms of the hands and the bottom of the feet can become yellowish.
If you notice that the bruises appear and do not disappear after a few days, see your doctor as soon as possible. Do not overlook this problem, since you could experience damage to the veins.